The body system is a delicate balance of different substances, each of which must be kept within certain levels regarded as normal; above or below this levels, it may become dangerous for the body and life.
The level of sugar, or glucose, within the blood could be an excellent example. The generally accepted range of pre-breakfast normal level (technically termed “fasting blood sugar”) is between 70 and 110 milligrams per 100 millilitres of blood, and when one’s test result is far higher than this, one is diagnosed as having diabetes.
Well how does one’s blood glucose come to be high? Glucose is the final breakdown products of digestion of carbohydrates ( starchy foods like bread, rice cassava and yam products) and, therefore, there’s bound to be a lot of it in the body at any given time, where it is used as a source of energy. Its 1st stop subsequence absorption from the intestines is that the liver, wherever a number of it is stock on as glycogen as a reserve for future use, whereas the remainder passed on to the blood circulation. And this is the place where the level must be kept down if the person is not to become diabetic.
To do this, is a normal case, is a chemical substance or hormone called “insulin”, produced by an organ, the pancreas. The insulin insures that any excess glucose is passed on from the blood into the body cells, where some of it again is stored as glycogen and fat, but the greatest percentage is broken down to produce energy for the body. But this does not happen when, for some reason, a person is lacking in insulin. What usually causes a person’s body to start lacking insulin?
Insulin is a protein, and as the person’s body grows older, a generally degenerative process usually sets in, making it less capable of producing proteins generally, and this often includes insulin. And with this insulin inefficiency will come diabetes mellitus. Obesity and lack of exercise are also thought to be factors, therefore, that diabetes is more commonly found in the more elderly and obese. But that is not to say that young people do not suffer from the disease, only that their type is less common, abs has a different causative factor. Rather than their pancreas being unable to produce an adequate amount of insulin anymore due to geriatric degeneration, it is now believed that within them, the cells cells in question inherently lacked the capacity for adequate production in the first place, probably due to some inherited genetic factors.
In fact the way young people found out they have diabetes is usually different from that of their elderly or obese counterparts. Whereas diabetes maybe diagnosed by chance among the elderly while they’re being treated for complications of the disease such as blurring of vision, cataracts, tingling sensations in the limps, or recurring boils, the young sufferers is more likely to go down suddenly with the disease’s class symptoms: severe and unquenchable thirst, very frequent urinating and rapid loss of weight. Some may even have severe abdominal pains with vomiting, fooling some doctors into thinking appendicitis inability.
The treatment for each type is also rather different. While bin the elderly type the patient usually responds well to just a low carbohydrate diet, and a weight trimming programme in the case of obesity, with some tablets which tend to stimulate the pancreas to produce more insulin, the younger type of patient rarely responds to these tablets, and usually needs regular insulin injections, along with a low carbohydrate diet.
In either case, however, it’s necessary for patient to monitor his/her urine regularly to know how well he/she is responding to the treatment and how much much medicine he/her needs subsequently. This is possible because whenever somebody’s blood glucose goes above the diabetic line, the sugar level is reflected in the urine whereas a non diabetic’s urine is usually sugar free.